Someone asked, "Is Buddhism a "non-dual" tradition? Does it teach "non-duality"?"


Soh replied,



    Soh Wei Yu
    If nondual means monism (Advaita’s one without a second) where everything is reduced to one ultimate unchanging essence, source and substratum, then Buddhism does not subscribe to such an essence view but in fact refutes it.
    If however it means subject and object and all phenomena are empty and illusory and free from extremes, and there being no mind/Mind/Brahman, then in that sense yes.
    “The cognizer perceives the cognizable;
    Without the cognizable there is no cognition;
    Therefore why do you not admit
    That neither object nor subject exists [at all]?
    The mind is but a mere name;
    Apart from it's name it exists as nothing;
    So view consciousness as a mere name;
    Name too has no intrinsic nature.
    Either within or likewise without,
    Or somewhere in between the two,
    The conquerors have never found the mind;
    So the mind has the nature of an illusion.
    The distinctions of colors and shapes,
    Or that of object and subject,
    Of male, female and the neuter -
    The mind has no such fixed forms.
    In brief the Buddhas have never seen
    Nor will they ever see [such a mind];
    So how can they see it as intrinsic nature
    That which is devoid of intrinsic nature?
    "Entity" is a conceptualization;
    Absence of conceptualization is emptiness;
    Where conceptualization occurs,
    How can there be emptiness?
    The mind in terms of perceived and perceiver,
    This the Tathagatas have never seen;
    Where there is the perceived and perceiver,
    There is no enlightenment.
    Devoid of characteristics and origination,
    Devoid of substantiative reality and transcending speech,
    Space, awakening mind and enlightenment
    Posses the characteristics of non-duality.”
    - Nagarjuna

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  • Soh Wei Yu
    Also subject object dissolve or merging as a samadhi experience is just an experience, not a realization of emptiness.

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  • Soh Wei Yu
    Bodhidharma’s Doctrine of No Mind text beautifully expresses similar realization. (

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